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Hashtag Healthcare: From Tweets to Mental Health Journals Using Deep Transfer Learning

lib:3fb47ee84f26b4f7 (v1.0.0)

Authors: Benjamin Shickel,Martin Heesacker,Sherry Benton,Parisa Rashidi
ArXiv: 1708.01372
Document:  PDF  DOI 
Abstract URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1708.01372v1

As the popularity of social media platforms continues to rise, an ever-increasing amount of human communication and self- expression takes place online. Most recent research has focused on mining social media for public user opinion about external entities such as product reviews or sentiment towards political news. However, less attention has been paid to analyzing users' internalized thoughts and emotions from a mental health perspective. In this paper, we quantify the semantic difference between public Tweets and private mental health journals used in online cognitive behavioral therapy. We will use deep transfer learning techniques for analyzing the semantic gap between the two domains. We show that for the task of emotional valence prediction, social media can be successfully harnessed to create more accurate, robust, and personalized mental health models. Our results suggest that the semantic gap between public and private self-expression is small, and that utilizing the abundance of available social media is one way to overcome the small sample sizes of mental health data, which are commonly limited by availability and privacy concerns.

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