We are very excited to join forces with MLCommons and OctoML.ai! Contact Grigori Fursin for more details!

Continuous parameter working memory in a balanced chaotic neural network

lib:4d5a4feebef81793 (v1.0.0)

Authors: Nimrod Shaham,Yoram Burak
ArXiv: 1508.06944
Document:  PDF  DOI 
Abstract URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1508.06944v4


It has been proposed that neural noise in the cortex arises from chaotic dynamics in the balanced state: in this model of cortical dynamics, the excitatory and inhibitory inputs to each neuron approximately cancel, and activity is driven by fluctuations of the synaptic inputs around their mean. It remains unclear whether neural networks in the balanced state can perform tasks that are highly sensitive to noise, such as storage of continuous parameters in working memory, while also accounting for the irregular behavior of single neurons. Here we show that continuous parameter working memory can be maintained in the balanced state, in a neural circuit with a simple network architecture. We show analytically that in the limit of an infinite network, the dynamics generated by this architecture are characterized by a continuous set of steady balanced states, allowing for the indefinite storage of a continuous parameter. In finite networks, we show that the chaotic noise drives diffusive motion along the approximate attractor, which gradually degrades the stored memory. We analyze the dynamics and show that the slow diffusive motion induces slowly decaying temporal cross correlations in the activity, which differ substantially from those previously described in the balanced state. We calculate the diffusivity, and show that it is inversely proportional to the system size. For large enough (but realistic) neural population sizes, and with suitable tuning of the network connections, the proposed balanced network can sustain continuous parameter values in memory over time scales larger by several orders of magnitude than the single neuron time scale.

Relevant initiatives  

Related knowledge about this paper Reproduced results (crowd-benchmarking and competitions) Artifact and reproducibility checklists Common formats for research projects and shared artifacts Reproducibility initiatives

Comments  

Please log in to add your comments!
If you notice any inapropriate content that should not be here, please report us as soon as possible and we will try to remove it within 48 hours!