End-to-End Reinforcement Learning for Automatic Taxonomy Induction

lib:af425c93148c78ee (v1.0.0)

Authors: Yuning Mao,Xiang Ren,Jiaming Shen,Xiaotao Gu,Jiawei Han
Where published: ACL 2018 7
ArXiv: 1805.04044
Document:  PDF  DOI 
Abstract URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1805.04044v1

We present a novel end-to-end reinforcement learning approach to automatic taxonomy induction from a set of terms. While prior methods treat the problem as a two-phase task (i.e., detecting hypernymy pairs followed by organizing these pairs into a tree-structured hierarchy), we argue that such two-phase methods may suffer from error propagation, and cannot effectively optimize metrics that capture the holistic structure of a taxonomy. In our approach, the representations of term pairs are learned using multiple sources of information and used to determine \textit{which} term to select and \textit{where} to place it on the taxonomy via a policy network. All components are trained in an end-to-end manner with cumulative rewards, measured by a holistic tree metric over the training taxonomies. Experiments on two public datasets of different domains show that our approach outperforms prior state-of-the-art taxonomy induction methods up to 19.6\% on ancestor F1.

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