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CURE: Curvature Regularization For Missing Data Recovery

lib:db945256466c3615 (v1.0.0)

Authors: Bin Dong,Haocheng Ju,Yiping Lu,Zuoqiang Shi
ArXiv: 1901.09548
Document:  PDF  DOI 
Abstract URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/1901.09548v3


Missing data recovery is an important and yet challenging problem in imaging and data science. Successful models often adopt certain carefully chosen regularization. Recently, the low dimension manifold model (LDMM) was introduced by S.Osher et al. and shown effective in image inpainting. They observed that enforcing low dimensionality on image patch manifold serves as a good image regularizer. In this paper, we observe that having only the low dimension manifold regularization is not enough sometimes, and we need smoothness as well. For that, we introduce a new regularization by combining the low dimension manifold regularization with a higher order Curvature Regularization, and we call this new regularization CURE for short. The key step of solving CURE is to solve a biharmonic equation on a manifold. We further introduce a weighted version of CURE, called WeCURE, in a similar manner as the weighted nonlocal Laplacian (WNLL) method. Numerical experiments for image inpainting and semi-supervised learning show that the proposed CURE and WeCURE significantly outperform LDMM and WNLL respectively.

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